Hebrew Words in Yiddish

They are spelled exactly as they are in Hebrew, but may be pronounced differently. Almost a fifth of Yiddish words are derived from Hebrew. Many have to do with religion. Most words ending in E are feminine.

There are several excellent dictionaries on this topic. They include: Verterbukh fun loshn-kodesh shtamike verter in yidish by Yitshok Niborski, and it is published by the Medem Library in Paris. A Guide to the More Common Hebraic Words in Yiddish by Steven A. Jacobson at the University of Fairbanks, Alaska. Hebrew and Aramaic Words in the Yiddish Language: Their Phonetic Spelling and Translation into English and Russian by Moishe Wolf of Portland, Oregon. It may be out of print.

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hesken, der accord
khezhbn, der account, the
mayle, di advantage
eytse, di advice
maskim zayn agree
heskem, der agreement
kimat almost
tomid always
omeyn amen
oves, di ancestors
malakh, der angel
kaas, der anger
broygez angry
meyle anyhow
dire, di apartment
betn mekhile apologize
haskome, di approval
boyrer der arbitrator
taynen argue
oylem, der audience
mekhaber, der author
bokher, der bachelor
metsie, di bargain
khaye, di beast
makhmes because of
behole, di bedlam
brokhe, di blessing
moyekh, der brain
khutspe, di brashness
kale, di bride
khosn, der bridegroom
binyen, der building
kvure, di burial
katsev, der butcher
khazn, der cantor
mezumen, dos cash
sibe, di cause
simkhe, di celebration
beys-oylem, der cemetery
avade certainly
tsdoke, di charity
kheyn, der charm
bri, der circumcision
moyel, der circumsiser
matbeye, di coin
shkoyre, di commodity
tayne, di complaint
kehile, di congregation
nekhome, di consolation
keseyderik constant
sikhsekh, der controversy
mes, der corpse
medine, di country
beheyme, di cow
pakhdn, der coward
bal-melokhe, der craftsman
meshuge crazy
emune, di creed
tselem, der cross
akhzer cruel
refue, di cure
klole, di curse
koyne, der customer
sakone, di danger
khoyv, der debt
mapole, di defeat
khisorn, der defect
tayneg, der delight
midber, di desert
agune, di deserted wife
khurbn, der destruction
ruakh, der devil
peyger die
menie, di difficulty
hanokhe, di discount
keylim, di dishes
get, der divorce
goyresh, der divorced man
grushe, di divorcee
nedove, di donation
sofek, der doubt
nadn, der dowry
eymedik dreadful
kholem, der dream
peye, di earlock
mizrakh, der east
beryesh efficient
sof, der end
soyne, der enemy
kine, di envy
hesped, der eulogy
erev eve
raye, di evidence
guzme, di exaggeration
moshl, der example
akhuts except
terets, der excuse
goles, dos exile
meyvin, der expert
pazronish extravagant
ponim, dos face
mapole di failure
khalesh faint
yerid, der fair
mishpokhe, di family
toyve, di favor
moyre, di fear
sude, di feast
lesof finally
mabl, der flood
lemoshl for example
awser forbidden
mekhile, di forgiveness
ashires, dos fortune
khaver, der friend
levaye, di funeral
dor der generation
vatrones, dos generosity
matone, di gift
mitsve, di good deed
tvue, di grain
keyver, der grave
tsar, der grief
shoymer, der guard
oyrekh, der guest
sine, di hate
yoyresh, der heir
yontev, der holiday
koved, der honor
sho, di hour
teykef immediately
agev incidentally
hakhnose, di income
hashpoe, di influence
yerushe, di inheritance
avle, di injustice
rege, di instant
seykhl, der intellect
khoyle, der invalid
kheyfets, der item
lets, der jester
psak, der judgment
yoysher, der justice
kosher kosher
porets, der landowner
loshn, dos language
lamdn, der learned man
eyver, der limb
gvul, der limit
reshime, di list
parnose, di livelihood
halvoe, di loan
mazl, dos luck
tayve, di lust
bsule, di maiden
zokher, der male
efsher maybe
pshat, der meaning
zikorn, der memory
skhoyre, di merchandise
soykher, der merchant
yedie, di message
sholiakh, der messenger
meshiakh, der Messiah
nes, der miracle
toes, der mistake
reb mister
hamoyn, der mob
tsnies dos modesty
khoydesh, der month
levone, di moon
shive, di mourning period
shokhn, der neighbor
tsofn, der north
shvue, di oath
yam, der ocean
reyakh, der odor
khet, der offense
heypekh, der opposite
yosem, der orphan
ganeydn, der paradise
shutef, der partner
sholem, der peace
yikhes, der pedigree
khazer, der pig
rakhmones, dos pity
make, di plague
hanoe, di pleasure
havtokhe, di pledge
sam, der poison
hekdish, dos poorhouse
kheylek, der portion
mashmoes, dos possibility
oyfes, di poultry
tfile, di prayer
galakh, der priest
mistome probably
novi, der prophet
malke, di queen
rov, der rabbi
beemes really
korev, der relative
sgule, di remedy
kharote, di remorse
tshuve, di reply
bakoshe, di request
derekh-erets, der respect
akhrayes, dos responsibility
takhlis, der result
nekome, di revenge
skhar, der reward
nogid, der rich man
gvir, der rich man
khoyzek, der ridicule
mehume, di riot
shoykhet, der ritual slaughterer
gazlen, der robber
shmue, di rumor
skhires, di salary
nakhis, dos satisfaction
shabes, der Saturday
doykhik, der scarcity
sod, der secret
droshe, di sermon
shames, der sexton
bushe, di shame
aveyre, di sin
rekhiles, dos slander
kedey so
neshome, di soul
moker, der source
dorem, der south
mumkhe, der specialist
matsev, der status
koyakh, der strength
talmid, der student
hatslokhe, di success
khshad, der suspicion
taam, der taste
nisoyen, der temptation
ganev, der thief
mayser der tithe
oytser, der treasure
mishpet, der trial
nesie, di trip
tsore, di trouble
emes, der truth
mies ugly
besholem unharmed
kheyshek, der urge
korbn, der victim
roshe, der villain
kol, dos voice
neyder, der vow
milkhome, di war
khasene, di wedding
mayrev, der west
beshas while
almone, di widow
almen, der widower
tsavoe, di will
khokhme, di wisdom
makhsheyfe, di witch
eydes, der witness
dayg worry
yeshive, di Yeshiva

Last Updated on 11/26/2013
By PHILIP "FISHL" KUTNER

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